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Production Technology


Lentil is the second major winter season food legume after chickpea in Pakistan. It is mainly grown in all the provinces but the two-third area is in Punjab. The area as well as its production has been decreased gradually (almost to 40% mainly due to shift of main lentil area to other crops, weed and disease problems, and non-availability of ...

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Tobacco (Nicotiana spp.) is an important cash crop. It is raised for its leaves which are used as cured product. It is smoked as pipe, cigar, cigarette or hookah, and also used as snuff or chewed as a liquid in various forms. India ranks third in the world tobacco production and second in the flue-cured tobacco exports. It earns about ...

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Sesame Seeds

Sesame or “til” is the most ancient crop cultivated for its oil in the sub-continent. Its seeds contain between 50 and 58 % of very good semi-drying oil, mostly with oleic and linoleic triglycerides. Its oil is stable and does not rancid even after long exposure to air. Sesame oil contains about 22 % and the cake about 42 % ...

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Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) is one of the four most important annual crops in the world grown for edible oil. In Pakistan although it was introduced as an oilseed crop 40 years back but its expansion in acreage and production is fluctuating due to various production and socio-economic constraints. Its seed contains 35-55% oil contents. Research work on this crop ...

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Sugarcane is an important industrial and cash crop in Pakistan and in many countries of the world. Average production of sugar cane in Pakistan is 450 – 500 maunds per acre which is very much low compared to the cane production by other countries. Agronomic factors like preparatory tillage, bed preparation, planting techniques and time, water availability for irrigation, application ...

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Cotton is the major fiber and non-grain crop in Pakistan and it contribution is 1.6% in GDP of Pakistan. BT-cotton varieties have been developed in the last decade which are high yielding and insect resistant. The BT-cotton production technology as per the government agriculture department in Punjab is given as under. SEEDBED PREPARATION Seedbed preparation is the most important phase ...

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Rice is quintessentially Asian crop because 90% of rice production and consumption is concentrated in this region. It is the staple food for 50% of the world and 75% of the world’s poor. Rice is an important food and cash crop, In Pakistan, it is the second staple food after wheat and it’s the second largest earner of foreign exchange ...

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The lychee (Litchi chinensis Sonn) an important sub-tropical evergreen fruit crop belonging to family Sapindaceae, is believed to have originated in China, where it has been grown in Southern Guangdong state for thousands of years. It is highly specific to climatic requirements and probably due to this reason its cultivation is restricted to few countries in the world. The lychee ...

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Pear is next only to apple in importance, acreage, production and varietals diversity among temperate fruits in India. It is grown under temperate and subtropical conditions because of its wider climatic and soil adaptability. It is primarily grown in hills at 1,700-2,400 m above mean sea-level in the states of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh. Low-chilling pears ...

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Water Melon

Water Melon Production Technology: Fruits are bigger in size with dark green skin and pink is red flesh. It yields 36-38 t/ha in 122-135 days. Soil Sandy loam rich in organic matter with good drainage and pH range for 6.5-7.5 is ideal for cultivation of watermelon. This crop requires a moderate warm temperature. Season Sow the seeds during November – ...

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