Etiology: Cl. perfringens is the causative agent of enterotoxemia. It mostly occurs in highly fed sheep and goats.
Sign and Symptoms: In goat/sheep, there is acute diarrhea, dysentery, abdominal pain, and convulsions. Death may occur in a few hours, but in less severe cases survive for a few days, and recovery over a period of several days is possible.
Treatment: Treatment is usually ineffective because of the severity of the disease, but if available, specific hyperimmune serum is indicated, and oral administration of antibiotics may be helpful.
Control: Vaccinate the goat and sheep against enterotoxemia.
Authors: Dr. Sami Qureshi, Dr. Bilal Javid