An annual requirement of 24 million tons of dry matter, 18 million tons of digestible ingredients and 4 million tons of dairy products is needed to meet the food shortages in animals. Fodder cultivation is gradually declining due to increasing population and increasing cultivation of cereal crops. In Pakistan, cereals are cultivated in 56.71 million acres while fodder is being cultivated on only 8.27 million acres, producing about 53 million tonnes of annual fodder. In livestock about 60 to 90 percent cost is because of fodder. Wanda should be given to milk bearing animals, which are extremely expensive, and they cause rise in milk prices.