Soil fertility is the guarantee of successful cultivation, but due to lack of nutrients, the productivity of the land is decreasing, which is also decreasing crop production per acre. There is need for timely removal to ensure better and healthy yield per acre. We have been continuously cultivating more productive varieties of crops from year to year, and natural or artificial fertilizers are used to maintain it due to the lack of nutrients available in the soil. For the proper and useful use of fertilizers, it is important to know the chemical composition of soil, the amount of soil salts and organic matter. It is also necessary order to improve the decreasing yields of crops it to analyze the soil of the fields so as to know about soil fertility, medical composition, quantity of organic matter and salts.