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Prevention of leaf sucking insects/pests.

Sucking insects damage plants with slim, sharp-pointed mouthparts and suck the plant sap which results in small white or red spots on the leaves and other parts of the plant. The symptoms also appear in the form of curling of leaves, deformed fruit, wilting, and drying of the entire plant. Sucking pests include aphids, leafhoppers, thrips, whiteflies, bugs, and mites. Some of these pests are important virus vectors, transmitting a range of plant viruses. However, control measures can be used to reduce the levels of the disease in crops by controlling these sucking pests. Eliminate broadleaf weeds and waste piles. Check with a hand lens under the young leaves for all sucking insects. Install yellow or blue sticky traps to monitor the incidence and severity. Plant a companion crop to attract these pests i.e. marigold. In case of severe infestation, farmers can also apply the insecticide such as imidacloprid, Dimethoate, and Flonicamid, etc.

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