Life Cycle of Quails
Quail generally survive for 3 to 4 years. An adult quail weights between 150 to 200 grams. Female quails start laying eggs from their 6 to 7 weeks of age. Each egg weights between 7 to 15 grams. They lay more than 300 eggs per year. Their eggs are very beautiful. Presence of light increases the egg productive efficiency of quails. They usually lay eggs at afternoon. It takes about 17 days to hatch their eggs. A newly born quail chick weights around 6 to 7 grams. Quail never incubate their eggs. For successful breeding purpose keep one male quail with every five female quails. Quail chicks become very sensitive and take about two weeks to be strong enough. Eggs of 9 to 11 grams weight with smooth and hard eggshell are perfect for hatching and producing chicks.
How to Start Quail Farming Business
As quails are smaller sized poultry birds, so it’s very easy to establish a quail farm. Make a proper quail farming business plan before starting. And work according to the plan. A proper business plan should include breeds, housing, feeding, care and marketing strategies. Here we are shortly describing every steps.
Select Quail Breeds
At present there are 18 species of quails are available, which are very suitable for profitable quail farming business. Some of these breeds are famous for egg production and some are popular for meat production. According to their production, quail breeds are of two types such as broilers and layers. Here we have stated some popular broiler and layer quail breeds.
Layer Quail Breeds
Broiler Quail Breeds
White Breasted (Indian)
Housing is very important for quail farming. Follow the instructions mentioned below while making house or cages for your quails.
- Quail can be raised in both litter and cage systems. But quail farming in cage system is more suitable than raising them in deep litter system. In cage system, management is very easy and diseases or other problems are less.
- Make a proper ventilation system and ensure proper flow of air and light inside their house.
- You can raise 50 quails in a cage measuring 120 cm length, 60 cm wide and 25 cm height.
- Use wire net for making their cages.
- Measurement of the net would be 5 mm x 5 mm for adult quails.
- Plastic cages are most convenient for quail farming business.
- The house must have to be out of the reach of wild animals. Also prevent all types of predators.
For keeping your quails healthy, proper growing and highly productive, provide them balanced feed regularly. An adult quail consumes about 20 to 25 grams of food daily. Chick feed should contain 27% and adult feed 22-24% of protein. A chart of balanced feed for quails is shown below.
Presence of adequate light is highly recommended for desired egg production from your quails. You can provide artificial light and heat by using electric bulb or heater. You can use 40 to 100 watt bulb for this purpose. Demand of light and heat varies depending on the season. If you want successful breeding and want to hatch their eggs, then keep one male with every five female quails. For getting better egg production, select highly productive breeds and always keep their house dry and clean. Egg production also depends on temperature, feeding, water, care and management. To get desired egg production from your quails, light play a vital role. Lightening period of laying quails is shown below through a chat.
Raising Quail Chicks
Quails never incubate their eggs. So, you can produce chicks by hatching their eggs through chickens or artificially through using incubators. Incubation period for quail egg is about 16 to 18 days. For maximum egg production, 16 hours of lighting period is required daily inside the quail house. Keep newly born quail chicks in a brooder house. Chicks need artificial heat and temperature management system for 14 to 21 days from their birth. Quail chick becomes very sensitive. They can be raised in both litter and battery system. Keep in mind the following factors while raising quail chicks.
- Adequate temperature
- Sufficient light
- Proper air movement
- Density of quail chicks
- Supply of food and water
- Hygienic rearing rules
Provide the layer quail chick heat and light according to their age. Follow the chart shown below.
|Baby Age||Temperature (o Celsius)||Light (Hour)|